Virginia H. Cockrell Centennial Chair in Engineering
Phone: (512) 471-1646
Office: ETC 9.184
John Goodenough joined The University of Texas at Austin in 1986. He is known around the world for his pioneering work that led to the invention of the rechargeable lithium-ion battery.
He identified and developed the critical materials that provided the high-energy density needed to power portable electronics, initiating the wireless revolution. Today, batteries incorporating Goodenough’s cathode materials are used worldwide for mobile phones, power tools, laptops, tablets and other wireless devices, as well as electric and hybrid vehicles.
Goodenough currently serves as the Virginia H. Cockrell Centennial Chair of Engineering in the Cockrell School of Engineering at UT Austin. Along with other materials scientists and engineers in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, he continues to research battery materials. He studies the relationships between the chemical, structural and electrical properties of solids, addressing fundamental solid-state problems in order to design new materials that can enable an engineering function.
Goodenough received his bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Yale University in 1944 and his master’s and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1951 and 1952 respectively. He began his career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Lincoln Laboratory, where he laid the groundwork for the development of random-access memory (RAM) for the digital computer. After leaving MIT, he joined the University of Oxford as a professor and head of the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory from 1976 to 1986. It was during this time that Goodenough made the lithium-ion battery discovery.
In 1979, Goodenough showed that by using lithium cobalt oxide as the cathode of a lithium-ion rechargeable battery, it would be possible to achieve a high density of stored energy with an anode other than metallic lithium. This discovery paved the way for the development of lithium-ion batteries, which are now ubiquitous in portable electronic devices and electric vehicles.
After leaving the University of Oxford, Goodenough joined UT Austin, where he holds faculty positions in the Cockrell School’s Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. He is the author of eight books and more than 800 journal articles, and he is the recipient of numerous national and international honors, including the Japan Prize (2001), the Enrico Fermi Award (2009), the Charles Stark Draper Prize (2014) and the National Medal of Science (2011).
- Goodenough, J.B. "Rechargeable Batteries: Challenges Old and New" Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 16 2019-2029, (2012).
- Li, Y., Xu, M.W., and Goodenough, J.B., "Electrochemical Performance of Ba2Co9O14 + SDC Composite Cathode for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells" J. of Power Sources 298 40-43, (2012).
- Goodenough, J.B. "Reflections on Sixty Years of Solid State Chemistry" "Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie" 638 1-5 (2012).
- Dong, Y., Wang, L., Zhang, S., Zhao, Y., Zhou, J., Xie, H., and Goodenough, J.B. "Two-Phase Interface in LiMnPO4 Nanoplates", J. Power Sources 215 116-121, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.03.077, (2012).
- Lu, Y., Wang, L., Cheng, J.-G., and Goodenough, J.B. "Prussian Blue: A New Framework of Electrode Materials for Sodium Batteries," Chem. Comm.48, 6544-6546, (2012).
- Vasala, S., Cheng, J.-G., Yamauchi, H., Goodenough, J.B., and Karppinen, M. "Synthesis and Characterization of Sr2Cu(W1-xMox)O6: A Quasi-Two-Dimensional Magnetic System" Chem. of Mater. 24 2764-2774 (2012).
- Cheng, J.-G., Zhou, J.-S., Goodenough, J.B., Zhou, H.D., Matsubayahi, K., Uwatoko, Y., Kong, P.P., Jin, C.Q., Yang, W.G., and Shen, G.Y. "Pressure Effect on the Structural Transition and Suppression of the High-Spin State in the Triple-Layer T-'-La4Ni3O8" Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23) 236403, (2012).
- Li, Y., Han, J.-T., Wang, C.-A., Xie, H., and Goodenough, J.B. "Optimizing Li+ Conductivity in a Garnet Framework" J. Mat. Chem. 22(30), 15357-15361,(2012).
- Moorhead-Rosenberg, Z., Shin, D.W., Chemelewski, K.R., Goodenough, J.B., and Manthiram, A. "Quantitative Determination of Mn3+ Content in LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 Spinel" Applied Phys. Letters, 100, 213909, (2012).
- Goodenough, J. B., Magnetism and the Chemical Bond, Interscience Monographs on Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry Section, F. A. Cotton, ed., Vol. I (Interscience-Wiley, New York 1963).
- Goodenough, J. B., Les oxydes des métaux de transition (Gauthier-Villars, Paris, 1973).
- Huang, K. and Goodenough, J. B., Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology: Principles, Performance and Operations, Woodhead Publishing Limited (2009).
- Goodenough, J.B. "Battery Components Active Materials for" in Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, (Springer, 2012). (in publication)
- K. Zaghib, A. Mauger, Goodenough, J.B., and C.M. Julien, "Design and Properties of LiFePO4", in Nanotechnology for Li-ion Batteries, D. Lockwood, ed. (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2011) Chapter 8.
- Goodenough, J.B., "Materials Design: Fundamental Chemistry and Physics", in Advanced Lithium Batteries, Recent Trends and Perspectives, G. Nazri, A. Manthiram, P. Balaya, A. Yamada, and Y. Yong, eds. (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2012).