Dr.Fan fabricates nanowires, nanorings, nanodiscs, and 3-D nanosuperstructures. She also invented the "electric tweezers" based on the combined AC and DC electric fields. The electric tweezers can transport nanoparticles with independently controlled orientation and transport direction along arbitrary trajectories. Two nanowires (6 mm in length and 300 nm in diameter) with initial separation distance of 180 micrometers can be transported towards each other and connected tip to tip. The precision is at least 300 nm. Nanowires can also rotate seamlessly after transportation. The rotation of the nanowires can be instantly switched on or off with controlled rotation speed (to at least 26000 rpm for a free rotating nanowire), chirality, and total angle of rotation.
D. L. Fan, F. Q. Zhu, R. C. Cammarata and C. L. Chien, "Controllable high-speed rotation of metallic nanowires", Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 247208 (2005).
D. L. Fan, R. C. Cammarata and C. L. Chien, "Precision transport and assembling of nanowires in suspension by electric fields", Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 093115 (2008).
D. L. Fan#, Z. Z. Yin#, R. Cheung, F. Q. Zhu, A. Levchenko, R. C. Cammarata, C. L. Chien and A. Levchenko, "Sub-cellular resolution delivery of a cytokine via precisely manipulated nanowires", Nature Nanotechnology, 5, 545, (2010).(link)
D. L. Fan*, F. Q. Zhu, R. C. Cammarata* and C. L. Chien, "Electric Tweezers", Nano Today, 6, 339 (2011) (Invited article).(link)
D. L. Fan*, F. Q. Zhu, X. B. Xu, R. C. Cammarata and C. L. Chien*, "Electronic Properties of Nanoentities Revealed by Mechanical Motion" The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 9309–9313 (2012)(link).(direct submission without prearranged editors)
F.Q. Zhu, D. L. Fan, X. C. Zhu, J. G. Zhu, R. C. Cammarata and C. L. Chien, "Arrays of magnetic nanorings with ultrahigh areal densities", Advanced Materials, 16, 2155 (2004).
C. Liu, X. B. Xu, Alex Rettie, C. Mullins and D. L. Fan*, " One-step Waferscale Synthesis of 3-D ZnO Nanosuperstructures by Designed Catalysts for Substantial Improvement of Solar Water Oxidation Efficiency ", Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1 , 8111- 8117 (link) (Featured on the front cover)