Design Failure Lessons

Tacoma Narrows Bridge

In 1940, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge began undulating wildly and eventually self destructed in a 40 mph wind, just 1 yr after its completion. This led to changes in bridge construction ever after. 
Related Websites:
Exhibit from Carleton University
Undergraduate Engineering Reviews at UT ME department
A short movie 
(just before failure)

The history of "Galloping Gertie"

  1. Wollard, Kathy, "When we get the Right Vibes," Newsday, Section: Health & Discovery; How Come? Doscoveries for Young People; Pg B26, August 2, 1994.
  2. Riedman, Patricia A., "Wow, too much flutter," Advertising Age, Section: Upfront; Pg. 4, May, 1994.
  3. Demoro, Harre W., "Gate Bridge to Be Tested For Carrying Light Rail Tracks," The San Francisco Chronicle, Section: News; A2, February 8, 1990
  4. Birdsall, Blair, "The Brooklyn Bridge at 100; centennial of John Roebling's Brooklyn Bridge," Technology Review, SECTION: Vol. 86 ; Pg. 60, April, 1983
  5. McGraw-Hill, Inc., "A bridge to remember," Engineering News-Record, Section: Editorials; Pg. 190, January 21, 1982